Capital Nuuk (Godthab)
Christianity (38,2% – Lutherans), preserved the traditional local beliefs
Greenland – about 87%, 13% – Danes and immigrants from other European countries
Danish krone (DKK, Dkr)
Greenland (local name – Kalaallit Nunaat) – the biggest island of the Earth, located to the north-east of the mainland of North America. Atlantic and Arctic Ocean. More than three-quarters of the country is covered by glaciers. The tremendous weight of ice causes the crust middle part of the country were losing, forming a concave basin, which reaches a depth of 360 meters below sea level. For the settlements are suitable only for coastal areas in many places cut by fjords.
The highest mountains are located off the east coast. Mountain trout north of Anmassalika in south-eastern Greenland reaches a height of 3360 meters, the highest point – Mount Gunnbern (3700 m) lies in the northern part of the country. The length of the island from north to south – 2690 km., The greatest width – 1300 km. Total area – 2,176 sq. km.
Greenland and northern areas, called already many centuries in the Latin style – “Ultima Thule”, the remaining land of fantastic opportunities for both extreme forms of recreation and sport as well as a great place eco-tourism. The vast tundra, glittering ice packs and huge glaciers, which are “born” icebergs directly in front of the few so far of tourists year-round opportunities for ice-klambinga, snowboarding and skiing, a unique (albeit meager) nature, rich with sea creatures live and silent with the Inuit their unique culture and fantastic adaptation to local conditions cruelest – all constantly attracts more and more tourists.
Business Card Greenland – Aurora Borealis (the so-called “Aurora Borealis”), which you can watch almost all year round, and polar mirages (“Fata Morgana”) that in these high latitudes of the show is sometimes so fantastic pictures of majestic sailing ships, or surrounded by lush green cities that the inexperienced tourists literally “eyes climb on his forehead.” Watch all the attractions of Greenland, as well as tours to Greenland in the new catalogs tours and attractions.
If you get tired of viewing the glaciers, the island has excellent conditions for travel by foot, and every place has its own specialization in a specific sport or its special routes.
Ausiait known for its leather handicrafts and traditional embroidery. Kasigianguit (or Kristianshob) has an excellent museum with one of the most extensive collection of relics of the period “Sakkak, Kugatsiak (” Pretty little foothill “) is a tiny multicolored fishing village, the place of hunting seals, and Kekertassuak (Godhavn) on the island of Disko is an abundance of all attributes to hunt whales (this is one of the few places in the world where it is allowed) and the Arctic research station. Melville Bay Beach in the west of Greenland is an almost continuous high ice cliff, probably the largest continuous ice massif in the northern hemisphere.
Godthab (Nuuk) – if you are not an anthropologist, this city can not provide a lot of entertainment to attract attention. There are a few relics Hans Egeda (one of the first missionaries and public figures of the country), but very little of the original architecture of Greenland. Most of the historical collections of the capital is concentrated in the National Museum of Greenland. Dog sleds, kayaks, Umiak, traditional instruments and a lot of Eskimo Inuit art and crafts represented in its halls, but the biggest attraction of the museum – Eskimo mummy (dated back more than 500 years of age) found Grumvold brothers in 1972 in a shallow grave near Kilakitsoka .
Kolonihaven – a pleasant exception of Nuuk, a kind of Lego City. This picturesque fishing village of XVII-century in the heart Nuuk. The real attraction of Nuuk is its proximity to the venue of many excellent excursion into the interior and incredible landscapes, opening with the peaks of nearby mountains.
Qaqortoq (Yulianshob), which lies on the tip of the peninsula in the south of Greenland, is a clean and pleasant port city, founded at the site where the lost colonists searched Hans Egeda. With a population of only 3,5 thousand inhabitants, the city is the center of the southern region of the country and its worth visiting in the summer, when the neighborhood literally “explode” with wild flowers. The pride of the city – the city square fountain – the only one in Greenland, decorated with brass plaques with the names of the city burghers on the basis (although many plates “have fallen victim to hunters for souvenirs). Qaqortoq Museum is compulsory attendance – is one of the best museums in Greenland, demonstrating crafts of past and present inhabitants of the island. Sculpture of Stone and Man ‘- another highlight of the city, when it was created to use the natural formation of rocks as a material for a myriad of abstract forms and shapes.
Mainly Qaqortoq used as a starting point for hiking and dog sledding to the picturesque area of Peters Kane, Tasersuak around the lake or to a neighboring town Igalik.
Ruins Hvalsey lying on the coastal strip near Qaqortoq, are the most extensive and best-preserved traces of Norwegian settlements in Greenland. Hvalsey even mentioned in the ancient Icelandic chronicle Flateyyarbik “as a place of burning witches at the beginning of XV-th century, as well as the only place where the marriage occurred between the Inuit and settlers.
Upernavik, located in the fjords of Baffin Bay is 800 km. north of the Arctic Circle – the most northern ferry in the world. What locals say: “You do not even begin to know what the cold, yet visited Upernavik”. The city’s name translates in a fairly amusing manner as the “Spring Place”. Given that the average summer temperature here is no more than +5 C, it is rather strange. Scientists say that when the first settlers have chosen this place, the climate was much milder, and therefore its name city then justified, with the onset of the same general cooling of climate, he became one of the coldest inhabited places on the planet. Most residents are employed in the fishing industry and hunting polar bear, banned almost everywhere in the world and an exceptional permission from the local residents – one of the few ways to feed a family for most residents Upernavik. Be sure to visit the Old Town Museum, which is also actually the oldest in Greenland. The book is full of museum visitors autographs of many famous Arctic explorers. The exhibition includes kayaks of all kinds (including sea!), A complete collection of a variety of harpoons and other accessories for the hunting of whales, knives and leather goods. Ongoing training is complete the historic exposure of the area. A three-hour trip from the highest peak Upernavik – Inuusuussak to the northern tip of the island – Naayarsuit will pass through quite a magical landscape. The stones interspersed with colored minerals of all colors and shades, the veins of natural graphite, the unique acoustics of the valleys, allowing whisper spread over many miles – all this can be seen and felt here only.
Kulusuk – a small island, a simple point near the eastern coast of Greenland, but many believe that it is – the perfect place for an introduction to the island. Its international airport makes Kulusuk easily accessible for air flights from Reykjavik. First impressions of Kulusuk – a tiny village, tseplyayushayasya for a rocky island just above the level of lead-gray shiny sea with numerous icebergs, and with dramatic mountain peaks in the background. Many local residents still live by hunting. What is curious enough, so this is what Kulusuk remains relatively free of Western influence, despite the constant influx of tourists. Ironically, many of the guests of the island upon arrival immediately seek to visit the beautiful cemetery of the island, which is decorated with plastic flowers and how-to “rise up” against all his views are absolutely silent icy Arctic landscape. The islanders are always organized for tourists informal technology demonstration kayaking and dance performances, but all submissions immediately revoked if the performers at this moment suddenly choose to go hunting. Walking along the shore through the tundra, covered with carpets of arctic flowers and the glacier, or hike to the terrible mountain lake before going to the city, or “cruise” on small fishing vessels along the coastline – these are the best ways to get acquainted with the place.
Ilulissat (translated as “icebergs”) fully justifies its name, as if staring into a mirror sea filled with icebergs and floating ice floes, drifting slightly below the implacable gray skies. Ilulissat – one of the most popular tourist destinations in Greenland, totally “knit” with its long and colorful history. Archaeological excavations date the first settlements of people in these places in the period 3500 years ago, that puts Ilulissat in the list of the main areas of settlements of the ancient tribes. Local residents in their daily life is still guided by the ancient proverb: “Give me winter, give me dogs and you get everything else”, and mainly engaged in fishing and marine animals fight. The main attractions Ilulissat – Cool Museum and the Museum of Knut Rasmussen, with exhibitions devoted to his Arctic expeditions, as well as an exhibition of Danish crafts settlers and Inuit. One of the temptations of the city – Ilulissat Aysford (Ice Fjord), formed glacier Cermack Kudzhallek 5 km. wide and about 150 m thick (this is the most powerful glacier outside Antarctica). In Aysforde so much ice that the only thing here is clearly not hvatatet, it is liquid water. Hiking trails pass through the ice caves with sverkayushimi walls, the easiest and most enjoyable trip will lead to the ruins in Sermermiute and Holmes Bakke, where the population is going to Ilulissat on 13 January, to welcome the first sunrise after the long polar night.
Avanersuak (Tula district) is located in the “realm of Ultima Thule in 1500 km. in the north of Nuuk, and is the most inaccessible areas of the polar region of the world. His discovery has required the European travelers of the tremendous efforts and costs. Even today Avanersuak difficult to access, impassable and not cheap. In addition to all his difficulties here is the U.S. air base and the tourists are not allowed to visit between 15 September and 15 April, and any foreigner visiting the base at Thule, requires permission from the Air Attache, U.S., Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the Danish Embassy. It is interesting to eight trips between Kannaakom and Sorapalukom, including a tour of exotic hunt walrus and living in the “needle”. The most attractive 15-day hunt for sea ice with a visit to several villages, local residents and familiarity with their way of life.
Uummannaq previously been the center of whaling and the Dutch settlement in the XVII-th century. Many of the ancient traditions are still alive among its inhabitants. Every spring, when detecting the first ship of the season, the entire village is going on the hill to the west of the city and saluted with three volleys of cannon, welcoming the arriving ship. Uummannaq – a chaotic city, stubbornly clinging to the hills of the walls of their buildings. Lack of land saved the city from the architecture block houses of Nuuk, and the majority of families live in some ancestral homes, though not a very beautiful, but safe. Museum of Uummannaq is located in the old hospital. A whole room is devoted to the ill-fated expedition of the German scientist Alfred Weiner. There is also a small exhibition devoted to archeology and history of these places, the mummy Kilakitsoka, devices and weapons for hunting whales. “The House of Weeping” – is an old building, which served as a warehouse for whale oil. Castle of Santa Claus in the two-hour walk from the city center has long been in competition with other countries for the right to be the residence of the popular character. The cave, located a little further along the coast, known in local folklore as the “Grotto of trolls, and even more intriguing than the” Santa’s house.
Mountain Uummannaq – the natural formation of stunning beauty and the most unusual flowers that have ever occurred on Earth. Gore is an ancient gneiss base of the continental shield, billowing up in the alternation of black, white and red layers of rocks, changing shades of color in each moment of time, depending on the lighting. Although the mountain looks totally inaccessible, several expeditions still climbed to the top, but for most visitors simply view this unique natural formation, the only analogue which is the only mountain of Uluru in Australia.
Lake Motzenfeld attracts attention with its surovymii conditions, but efforts by his visit will cost spent on this power. Long, takes the form of the angle of the lake, surrounded by towering peaks at 1600 m of ice and powered by two majestic glaciers. On the way to the lake you can visit the dramatically beautiful valley Koororssuak in place between the gigantic peaks Illerfissalik and Suusukutaussa and river Koorkup Kuua, which is derived from the lake Motzenfeld.