Spanish (Catalan, Galician, Basque)
Catholics – 99%
Spaniards, Catalans, Galicians, Basques
Spain – a country with a dream, the country of mystery, this generosity and hospitality. This is one of the cultural centers of Europe with beautiful towns, ancient monuments, museums, roads built by the Moors and the Romans have a country with amazing diversity. This is a unique country with unique color formed by the peculiarities of geography, climate, history, nature of people – cheerful, talented and proud …
Spain is located in the southwest of Europe and occupies approximately 85% of the Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands and Pitiuzskie in the Mediterranean, the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean.
The total area of the country – 504,788 square meters. km. Spain has a land border with France, Portugal, Andorra and Gibraltar was a British colony. Under the direction of Spain are Ceuta and Melilla (in Morocco) and the island Velez de la Gomera, and Alusenas Chafaranas. The country is on the east and south by the Mediterranean Sea in the west – the Atlantic Ocean.
Spain is at the intersection of important sea and air routes linking Europe with the African and American continents. Most of the country is covered plateaus and mountain ranges, which are located around the plains and lowlands. Forests cover only 10% of Spanish territory. Spain – the most mountainous country in Europe!
Practically the whole of Spain is one great historical museum under the open sky, surrounded by a ring of beautiful sea beaches and resorts, many of which are considered the best in Europe. Watch all the attractions of Spain and Tour of Spain in the new catalogs tours and attractions.
Spain – a country with a long history. The most ancient monuments of culture on the territory of Spain belong to the Palaeolithic period. This is the rock carvings on the walls of the cave of Altamira. From the architecture of the Iberians (ancient tribes that inhabited the Iberian Peninsula in the I millennium BC) were the ruins of giant stone wall in Tarragona. On the Romans in Spain resemble mostly civilian buildings – water mains, bridges, aqueducts, amphitheaters, arches. Perfectly preserved one of the Roman bridges – Alcantara River Tagus. The bridge has six arches and triumphal arch in the middle. Majestic ruins of the Roman amphitheatres in Merida and Sagunto to 6000 spectators and arches in Medisaneli and Bar, built in the years 107-102 BC.
Great influence on the development of the medieval Spanish art and architecture have the Arabs. World famous were palace-fortress of the Alhambra in Granada, the mosque in Cordoba, the minaret of La Giralda in Seville.
Mosque-Cathedral of Cordoba (VIII-X century) – the largest after the famous Kaaba in Mecca mosque in the world. Her 19 aisles with 32 arches occupy a large area (175×140 m). Double monument – a mosque and a cathedral – indicates an attempt to get rid of the Christian state from even a hint of Muslim influence. In 1236, after the capture of the city by Christians and Muslims fled to North Africa, King Ferdinand III ordered to turn it into a Christian church. There were 19 closed doors, out into the yard, along the inner walls of the building was built Chapels, a minaret was turned into a belfry.
Alhambra (Arabic for “red”), the palace-fortress of the XIII century, – a miracle of Muslim architecture. Depending on the coverage of its walls and towers during the day change color. Especially beautiful courtyard Lviv, surrounded by white marble columns. The middle of the courtyard – a fountain. His enormous marble bowl rests on 12 lions. In the palace of some great halls: the Ambassadors with a huge dome made of cedar wood, the Royal Hall with gold lace arches in the form of stalactites, Hall of Secrets with the amazing acoustic effects.
La Giralda – a former minaret of the mosque, built by the Arabs in the XII century. The mosque has not been preserved, and the minaret has been transformed into the belfry of the cathedral. The most famous monument in Seville. His silhouette show a remarkable grace. If you climb the tower, at the height of 97 m, then there is a beautiful view over the city.
In Spain, survived numerous medieval castles – Parador. Usually they are located in picturesque, quiet and cozy corners and provide excellent opportunities for recreation and for work. Now it is a complex of buildings and structures, combining strict architectural lines with a modern interior rooms. Rooms with TV, telephone and mini-bar equipped with heating and air conditioning. For lovers of active holidays in such buildings must provide a swimming pool, tennis courts, gyms.
Madrid – National Museum of paintings and sculptures from the Prado, Museum of Modern Art and the natural sciences, archaeological and ethnographic, the Spanish people. The Royal Palace 18. and Sabatini gardens, the church of San Francisco el Grande 18V., Buena Park, Petipa to the zoo and botanical garden, the residence of the monarch Zarzuela, monasteries El Esprial, the Valley of the Fallen – a memorial to victims of civil war.
Barcelona – Sea and the Archaeological Museum, Museum of Catalan Art and Pablo Picasso, Montjuic Castle, the Cathedral of the Holy Family, the Church of San Pablo del Campo – 914 PM, the Gothic cathedral of Santa Yunnan.
Zaragoza – Cathedral of La Seo 12-16vv, Cathedral of El Pilar 17., The residence of Aragon and Castillo de la Alyaferis.
Toledo – Moorish architecture of the period, the castle Alcázar 13-18 centuries, the Gothic church of San Juan Delos Reyes, 14 in the synagogue., A place of burning heretics – Square Plaza del Zoko.
Granada – Alhambra castle ruins, the cathedral of 16-18 centuries, the chapel, where buried Ferdinand V and Isabella I, Generalife gardens. Cordoba – Moorish mosque, the ruins of the palace-fortress, a 16-arch bridge of the Roman period, the largest mosque in Europe, converted in 1236 into a Christian church.
Seville – Royal Palace 1181g., Giralda tower 12 – the former minaret, Moorish architecture, the cathedral 13., A Moorish castle of Alcazar 12-16 cc., The Church of Santa Catalina.
Palma de Mallorca (Balearic Islands) – a Gothic cathedral in 1230, a chapel with a vaulted ceiling of Antonio Gaudi, Church of St. Francis 13., Almudaina Palace, Belvedere Palace 14.
Spain believes the biggest “hunting” country in Europe. The largest game reserve – Sakha (177 ha) occupies almost the entire eastern half of the province of Santander in the Cantabrian Mountains (north). In beech and oak forests of the reserve to hunt bear, wild boar, roe deer, wolf, chamois, and from birds – at grouse and snipe.
One of the most beautiful and rich in flora and fauna of the hunting reserves in Spain – Somiedo (88 ha) – Located in the mountains of the northern province of Oviedo. Its forests consist of a variety of broad-leaved trees. Here bears, wolves, foxes, wild boar, roe deer, chamois, polecat, marten, hare, birds – grouse, partridge, snipe, wild pigeon, quail.
A real miracle of nature in species richness and beauty of landscapes in Spain believe the Sierra de Cazorla, crossed the river Guadalquivir. On its right bank, in the lower reaches, there is a reserve Coto Doñana. Here is protected landscape Marisma – brackish-water coastal swamps of southern type (similar to the lower reaches of the Volga) with an exceptionally rich flora and fauna. Particularly numerous colonies Waterfowl: ducks, geese, flamingos, white storks. It is home to a huge colony of herons. Semi-arid south-eastern Spain, is considered one of the most convenient places to study the life of scorpions and tarantulas. In the south, inhabited by chameleons.